The FM Discriminator
As the FM discriminator is designed to respond to the deviation in the
frequency and have very little response to changes in its amplitude, FM is a very
effective way to discriminate against most forms of noise - which, generally,
amplitude modulate the radio frequency.
With a Frequency Modulated signal, the process of recovering the audio from the
output from the IF amplifier is a little more complicated.
The picture shows a Frequency Modulated signal from the IF Amp being fed to a
circuit known as a discriminator.
The voltage output from the discriminator
is proportional to the radio frequency's deviation from its set centre-frequency.
As this deviation is the audio signal, the audio is recovered.
As with the simpler AM detector, the final output is a fully cleaned up, AC
audio signal suitable for feeding an audio amplifier.